I have divided Genesis into 3 parts. Though not as long as some books, it does take awhile for me to read sections of the Bible.
I apologize for the lateness of this post. I present the reasons of Thanksgiving and all night Black Friday shopping.
For a list of which authors listed the Bible as one of their top ten, and why it’s important in the realm of literature, see my original post. In this blog post I’ll talk about the following: the story of Abraham and Sarah, the story of Sodom and Gomorrah, the story of Lot and his family, Isaac and Rebecca, and Esau and Jacob.
Abraham was originally called Abram. Sarah was originally Sarai. Sarai was barren. She made Abraham take her maidservant Hagar. Sarai was very cruel to Hagar, so she ran away. An angel of God came to Hagar and asked why she was running away, she replied that she was running from Sarai. The angel told her to return to Sarai and serve her. He promised her “I will increase your descendants that they will become too numerous to count. You are now with child and you will have a son. You shall name him Ishmael. for the Lord has heard of your miser. He will be a wild donkey of a man; his hand will be against everyone and everyone, and he will live in hostility toward all his brothers. And so Islam was born. Then God came to him “I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you. The whole land of Canaan where you are now an alien, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God”. Then the covenant of circumcision was born, as God required that as Abram’s end of the covenant. He pronounced that Abram (99 years old) was to get circumcised, as well as all of the males of his household. He said any male at eight days old was to be circumcised. At this point, Ishmael was thirteen. Arabs, those of Islam faith, consider themselves descendants of Ishmael, so circumcise when the boy is thirteen. He promised Abram that his descendants would be like the stars in the sky. At this, Abram wondered, as his wife, Sarai was quite old. They were both nearing 100. God promised him though, renaming Sarai, Sarah. Time passed. Sarah was still barren. God told him he would have a son, and name him Isaac. Sarah laughed upon hearing the repeat of God’s promise by God outside of their tent. God replied “Why did Sarah laugh and say ‘Will I really have a child, now that I am old? Is anything too hard for the Lord? I will return to you at the appointed time next year and Sarah will have a son”. Then the angels and God were to go to Sodom, to destroy it, as it was completely infested with sin. Abraham pleaded for Sodom asking if God was to find x amount (he started at fifty and worked down to ten, possibly in an attempt to save his nephew Lot and his household) would he save those people even as he destroyed Sodom. God replied He would. He and his angels came into Sodom and the men captured the angels and wanted to do very very bad things to them, the things that often happen in all male prisons nowadays. Lot pleaded that the men of Sodom (as he had recognized the visitors as God’s angels) to take his (Lot’s) daughters instead, virgins, and that the men could do what they wanted with his daughters. They then told Lot that they would treat him worse than the angels, as he was an outsider who had moved to Sodom. The angels told Lot to take his family and flee. He told his family, but his sons-in-laws (which confuses me and my self study Bible doesn’t explain, if Lot’s daughters were virgins, how did they have husbands? My only thought can be that they were fiancees who were already called sons-in-laws, or else Lot’s daughters were very special virgins indeed), laughed at him. The angels grabbed Lot’s hands, those of his wife, and those of his daughters and led them out of the city. The city was then destroyed. Lot’s wife, disobeying the angels of the Lord, looked back and was turned into a pillar of salt. Apparently, the southern end of the Dead Sea, even today, salt formations exist that are reminders of her fate. Lot and his daughters end up hiding in a cave. The daughers are scared that their line will die out, so get their father drunk and force him into sexual intercourse. (Note; this is where the promised incest in the last entry is). The older bore Moab, the younger Ben-Ammi. The narrative then goes back to Abraham and Sarah, who are in a foreign land. Now, Abraham liked to lie and say that his 90 year old attractive wife was his sister. The ruler became upset with Abraham as Sarah was very desirable and men wanted her, but to lay with Sarah would have been a great offense, since she was Abraham’s wife and not his sister. (Abraham would say this out of fear for his own life, that she would be desired and he would be killed in order for a man to have her).
Skipping ahead to Isaac and Rebekah. Abraham on his deathbed, makes his servant promise to go back to his homeland to find Isaac a wife (the Lord had told him to not find one for Isaac in the land they currently lived). The servant prayed that when he got to the town, the woman meant for Isaac would offer him and his camels water. Rebekah did. They went back to her home, and when her father heard, he willingly gave Rebekah. She was Abraham’s great niece. She wed Isaac in Sarah’s tent. Abraham died and left everything to Isaac, but gave the sons of his wives after Sarah died, gifts. Ishmael’s sons are also named, and the last part of that section says “And they lived in hostility toward all their brothers”. Rebekah became pregnant with twins, who began fighting even in her womb “The babies jostled each other within her”. She asks the Lord why is this happening? This was the response; “Two nations are in your womb and two peoples from within you will be separated; one people will be stronger than the other and the older will serve the younger” (in direct contradiction of the rules of the time that said the eldest inherits and the younger serves the elder). The boys come from the womb and Esau is hairy and redhaired from birth. Jacob, smooth and not redhaired from birth. When the boys grew, Esau became a skillful hunter, Jacob a quiet man, staying among the tents. Esau was Isaac’s favorite, Jacob was Rebekah’s favorite. When Isaac was on his deathbed, he told Esau to go hunt two animals down, fine specimens, and to bring them back for Isaac, and he would bestow his blessing on him. Rebekah heard this, and conniving little liar that she was, called Jacob to her. Isaac had gone blind. She told Jacob to go find two young goats and to slaughter them. He wondered how Jacob would mistake them as Esau was so hairy and he so smooth. Rebekah attached goat hides to Jacob’s hands. Isaac was suspicious when Jacob went to him, but bestowed the blessing anyway; “Ah, the smell of my son is like the smell of a field that the Lord has blessed. May God give you of heaven’s dew and of earth’s richness–an abundance of grain and new wine. May nations serve you and peoples bow down to you. Be lord over your brothers and may the soons of your mother bow down to you. May those who curse you be cursed and those who bless you be blessed”. Jacob leaves. Esau comes and Isaac is upset, saying that he already gave his blessing to Jacob. Esau begs for a blessing, even one, from his father. He gets “Your dwelling will be away from the earth’s richness, away from the dew of heaven above. You will live by the sword and you will serve your brother. But when you grow restless you will throw his yoke from off your neck”. Jacob flees to Laban, out of fear of what Esau will do, having been warned by his mother. Before he goes, Isaac Isaac tells him to not marry a Canaanite woman, but to return to where Rebekah lived, and to take a wife there from the daughers of Laban, Rebekah’s brother.
Jacob goes to Laban. Laban has two daughters. Jacob falls in love with Rachel, but she has an older sister, Leah. After a month there, Laban asks Jacob what he would like his wages to be. Jacob states that he would work for Laban for seven years, and then would like to marry Rebekah. Laban tricks Jacob and gives him Leah instead. The day after the wedding night, Jacob is understandably upset and goes to Laban “What is this you have done to me? I served you for Rachel, didn’t I? Why have you deceived me?”. Laban replied, “It is not our custom here to give the younger daughter in marriage before the older one. Finish this daughter’s bridal week; then we will give you the younger one also, in return for another seven years of work”. Jacob agrees, loving Rebekah like he does. Laban gives him Rachel right away, after Leah’s wedding week is over. Leah bears Jacob sons, including Levi, whom the future priests, or Levites descended from. As well as Judah, who was the ancestor of David and ultimately of Jesus. Rachel becomes jealous of Leah’s fertility, as she is barren at that point. She tells Jacob “Give me children, or I’ll die!” Jacob asks her “Am I in the place of God, who has kept you from having children?”. She then gives him Bilhah, her servant, so he can sleep with her to bear children that Rachel can claim. Leah stops having children so has Jacob lie with Zilpah, her servant. Leah keeps having children. Then finally God remembers Rachel; He listens to her and opens her womb. She names her son Joseph. Jacob works a deal with Laban to build a herd by taking the spotted and marked goats from his flocks. Laban, showing his brotherhood to Rebekah, takes all those animals out of his herd and spirits them away. Jacob begins to have the herd drink from water with branches from poplar, almond and plane trees that he marked with stripes. The flock that drank from these became spotted. Jacob eventually flees from Laban, having had his wages changed ten times and having served Laban for twenty years. Rachel steals Laban’s idols before leaving, showing that she hasn’t quite given up her pagan ways. Laban chases down Jacob, demanding why he felt the need to steal from him. Jacob is confused and tells Laban to search the tents, and if he finds the idols, Jacob will kill the person that has them. Rachel, showing that family’s deceptive streak (Jacob does too), puts them under her saddle. She tells her father she has her period so cannot climb down. He believes her and idols are never found. And this is where I leave you in the narrative.
Faith standpoint: For me, all these stories are important. Even before Jesus comes and saves us, all these people in Genesis were making big mistakes. The Ten Commandments weren’t around yet, but they lied, mated with their daughters (though the daughters were more to blame than the father in this endeavour), they did not trust in God (Sarai and Hagar). Oh! Forgot the story of Abraham and Isaac. God commanded Abraham to sacrifice Isaac, and Abraham, though of course he didn’t want to murder his promised descendant for a sacrifice, obeys. God intervenes at the last moment, telling Abraham that because of his faithfulness, He is sparing Isaac. This isn’t something done wrong, but rather right, but since I forgot that story wanted to get it in there. This sacrifice, this instant, predicts the future sacrifice of God’s own son, Jesus. Also, back after Adam & Eve are cast from Eden, God makes it pretty clear that He intends for women to become of one flesh with their husbands, thereby dictating that a man should have only one wife. Obviously, from above, you can see that they didn’t exactly listen to that. They were fornicating everywhere. Also, there is doubt of God’s promise, when Sarah laughs at God’s promise. Anyway, it’s a hopeful thing to me, that all throughout the Bible, there are people messing up, and God still considering them as His. There are times when it hits me, how much of a sinner I am. I think this is important to understanding the grace of God and Jesus’s death. It always bugs me when I go to a church where there is no confession of your sins (in Protestant churches, this takes place as a group confession, with the belief that you can go directly to God with your personal sins instead of the confessional). I don’t like churches that only focus on grace, that make you believe and feel that you are perfect once you are “born again”, as the death of Christ only promises that you will continue to be forgiven, but that you still want to endeavour to lead a godly life. I dislike churches that _only_ focus on God’s love. I believe that one can’t truly appreciate the complete grace and understand it, without understanding the complete miserableness that sin makes us. /end rant. Also, for me, there is the beginnings of the promise of Christ that help me to understand the eventual events leading up to that sacrifice.
Literary standpoint: The stories are fascinating to me. I mean, you have conflict everywhere, you have people fighting, lying, fornicating. It’s a very engaging read, even with the brevity of each story and the lack of detail as to how the sand got in their eyes and their hair, etc etc. Also, I think it was Wally Lamb, in “This Much I know is True” (if I have misnamed the title, forgive me) who reference Jacob and Esau. I find references all the time to the above stories in both classic and current literature. With the amount I read, I see it all a lot. I’m sure Dave can also attest to the recurrent themes that began from day 1. There is a story coming up in the last part of Genesis that I can directly correlate to a classic novel, but I will leave you in suspense until next time to find that out.
Tune in next time to hear about sibling rivalry, selling your siblings into slavery, dream prophecies, and of course the famed multi colored coat.